How does one design Assessments that meet the individual needs of learners?

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Assessments should be adapted to meet the needs of each individual student so that the process of testing can be fair, and the results are accurate. The assessment should be inclusive and equitable meaning that the procedure should not be disadvantageous to an individual or group. Therefore, it is essential to design assessments that meet the individual needs of learners. 

There are numerous ways in which an assessment can be adapted to suit the needs of a student. Some students may require more time to complete assessments such as those with dyslexia and dyspraxia. These students are entitled to 25% extra time in examinations and teachers may also accommodate for these students by allowing them more time to complete assignments and homework than would be given usually. Students that suffer with any physical disabilities can be assigned a scribe during an exam, one example would be those students who have sport related injuries that mean they are unable to write. This form of support is also useful to these students when completing coursework and homework. 

“Learners may struggle in the atmosphere of an examination and could even suffer with mental / physical side effects” (Casserley ,2016). Some people experience a strong phobia of exams this can have a devastating affect on their emotional and mental wellbeing. To accommodate for these students, they should be examined in a less intimating environment. Some students require a verbal exam as apposed to a written exam because they feel more confident answering verbally. For others coursework is a better reflection of their hard work when compared with exams because they perform worse in the latter. This means they can take a course which is predominantly coursework based.

 When designing these assessments, one must ensure that principles of assessment are adhered to so that the assessment is fit for purpose. A key point to make is that assessments must avoid biases because these can hinder the student’s overall development and can negatively affect the student in other ways. These are just some of the ways one can design an assessment to meet the needs of a learner in their classroom.    

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